What We Certify


Government subsidies keep the world price of cotton artificially low. We work with cooperatives of small-scale farmers so that they can earn sustainable incomes.

Kamalini Nayak

I am very thankful to Chetna Organic for the training I got on organic farming. Apart from my duty in my field of work, I have also become a support for my family. I am performing well as a leader of the women’s community, which has created a strong bond with other women.


All about Cotton

Cotton is the most widely used natural fibre in the textile sector. Production is dominated by industrial-scale farms in a handful of countries whose governments can afford to protect their markets with subsidies. This means that millions of small-scale farmers in places like West Africa and India are often unable to effectively contribute to supply chains, or earn enough to cover their costs of production, let alone make a living income. 

In addition, conventional cotton growing is linked to severe environmental issues – it requires the extensive use of harsh chemicals and vast amounts of water, even more so with climate change affecting harvests. 

How Fairtrade works

Fairtrade seeks to improve the prospects of small-scale farmers by creating access to supply chains and markets for their cotton. Our Standards encourage more traditional farming practices, focusing on organic production. Both the Fairtrade Minimum Price and the Fairtrade Premium for cotton, as well as targeted support and training for producers, are aimed at helping producer organizations to become stronger and more resilient businesses. 

Since the introduction of Fairtrade cotton, we’ve also aimed to address the unsafe and unfair labour conditions in cotton processing and textile factories. In 2016, Fairtrade introduced the new Fairtrade Textile Standard and Program to reach people at all stages of the textile production chain – from seed cotton to finished garments. 

Unravelling the Thread | The Story of Fairtrade Cotton

This film explores where cotton comes from and some of the difficulties faced along the supply chain. It helps people understand the impacts of fast fashion and highlights the difference consumers can make to people’s lives through their buying choices.

Where to find Fairtrade Cotton

We’re proud to work with Canadian companies who choose to source Fairtrade. Now you can support your local brands dedicated to making trade fair by shopping Fairtrade local. 

The Fairtrade Impact

Fairtrade can make a real difference for farmers and workers, their families, and their wider communities.

Producer Group Profile – COAPCL, India

Fairtrade cotton farmers at a general meeting

Chetna Organic Agriculture Producer Company Ltd (COAPCL) is a part of Project Chetna, a development initiative aimed at improving the lives of smallholder and marginalized cotton farmers in different rain-fed cotton growing regions in India.

Read more about the cooperative, the impact of Fairtrade Premium investments, and farmer stories

Learn more with these recent stories about Fairtrade cotton: